One of architecture that is often adopted by people when they want to build a building, either a house or a building is modern architecture. This architecture is in great demand because of the many advantages it offers. Apart from being up to date, modern architecture also offers a beautiful design, a simple yet elegant appearance. Well, to achieve this, there are several characteristics and elements that must be met. And some of them will be discussed in this article.
What Is Modern Architecture?
Modern architecture is a style of architectural design that emerged in the 20th century. It includes clean lines, functionality, and the use of industrial materials like steel and concrete, avoiding ornamentation, and embracing the idea of minimalism. The modern architecture movement emerged at the turn of the 20th century with attempts to reconcile the principles underlying architectural design with rapid technological advancements and the modernization of society. The movement was driven by advances in engineering, building materials, social equality and health. It also rejected past styles and emphasized experimentation.
And talking about the characteristic of modern architecture, modern architecture has many characteristics that set it apart from other styles. These characteristics include lines, function, material and space. Here are some of them that you can apply.
Emphasis on Lines
Lines are one of the most important design elements in modern architecture. They define spaces, create patterns and create emotion. They also important to create a more minimalist look and add interest to the design. The lines can be straight and can be arranged in vertical, horizontal or diagonal patterns on the facade of the building. Vertical lines draw the eye upward and can make windows and interiors appear taller or higher. Long horizontal lines can expand a space visually and can help create a sense of depth or volume, although they can be monotonous when they are overused.
Focus on Function
Focus on function in modern architecture has a lot to do with a desire to make buildings as efficient and useful as possible. Functionality is an important aspect of modern architecture, and many architects have emphasized that buildings should be designed to suit their purpose. One of the most influential principles in modern architecture is “form follows function,” which means that a building’s form is dictated by its functionality rather than aesthetics. This explains why so many modern buildings have a simple, rectangular shape and are free from unnecessary decorations or details.
Modern architecture uses a variety of materials to create its structures. These materials are often found in nature, but can also be created through technological processes. The material that most commonly makes up a modern structure is concrete. It is a composite material that is composed of cement and aggregates in a specific ratio. It is durable and strong, but can also be made into many different shapes. Another material used in modern architecture is wood. This material is usually stained to give it a unique color and texture.
Simplicity is an essential aspect of modern architecture. It can be found in clean lines, asymmetrical designs, and a lack of ornamentation. It can also be seen in the way buildings are built to fit a specific site. This is often done by minimizing the number of supporting walls that are needed, as well as integrating green space. In addition, simplicity can be found in a building’s use of simple materials and natural textures. This can help to create an overall design that’s calm, warm, and beautiful.
Connection to Nature
Modern architecture has an important connection to nature. This connection is especially important because humans are a species that has evolved an innate affinity for nature. Modern architects use this affinity as a foundation for their design work. They seek to make their structures as natural as possible while still retaining functionality. Another approach to connect architecture and nature is by having views of natural features outside the building, such as trees, mountains, and rivers. This helps people feel more connected to the world around them and can be beneficial to their health and mood.
Use of Large Windows or Glass Walls
Another characteristic of modern architecture is the use of large windows or glass walls. The use of large windows and glass walls aims to get enough sunlight. This will make it easier for sunlight to enter the building. This will make the room brighter, feel more spacious, reduce electricity usage and of course be healthier.